An Illinois resident who has custody of a child may find that a need to seek public assistance related to the medical care of the child may arise. In such cases, a public entity may have to conduct activities related to the support of the child in question, and the cooperation of the custodial adult may be required.
Those obligated to assist in child support enforcement activities are custodial parents, including minor parents or step-parents involved in a case along with a legal parent. Some custodial parents, however, may not be required to cooperate with such activities if they only receive support services for their child and not for personal needs. On the other hand, an individual who cares for a child but is not a custodial parent is not subject to cooperation requirements related to child support enforcement even if he or she also receives public assistance. In cases involving a custodial parent who does not obtain personal benefits and who is not required to cooperate, cooperation could later be required if that individual applies for benefits.